Posts by Denise Heap

Report of search (Schmorell)

Secret State Police [Gestapo] – Munich, February 19, 1943
State Police Headquarters Munich

Vol. No. 13 226/43 II A Sond./Za. [Special Commission – Zacher]

Report of Search

As ordered, a thorough search of the furnished room belonging to single medical student Alexander Schmorell –born September 16, 1917 in Orenburg, residing at Benediktenwand Str. 12, second floor, Munich, his parents’ home – was undertaken by police deputy Grimm (District II B) and the undersigned. Continue reading

Metternich – temporary custody

On February 18, 1943 around 11 am [Note 1], I along with KS Ammer was responsible for transporting the prisoner named Scholl from the university to the police station. Directly in front of the entrance to the university, Scholl suddenly turned to his right and said to a man something along the lines of: “Tell him I won’t be coming home this evening!” Continue reading

Schmauβ re Gestapo arrest of Scholls

Schmauβ: The University of Munich’s Chief Privy Councilor Hefner immediately advised the State Police Headquarters in Munich of this incident. They immediately occupied the university building (which had been sealed off in the meantime), together with a large number of municipal police officials. Several hundred leaflets with the inscriptions “Fellow Students!” or “German Students” were seized in the university building. Continue reading

Schmid’s apprehension of Hans and Sophie Scholl

As I made my usual rounds throughout the university buildings today, February 18, 1943 around 11:15 am, and in so doing went down the stairs of the Lichthof [Note 1], I saw that a large amount of paper had been thrown from the Lichthof platform on the third floor [Note 2]. From where I stood, I could not see the place the paper was thrown from. But it was equally impossible for whoever was in the third floor hallway to see me without further ado. Continue reading

Scheidhammer

Statement made by Jakob Schmid on February 18, 1943:

I took them [Note 1] to the property management office. Together with the supervisor, Secr. Scheidhammer, I led the detainees to the legal representative/trustee, RR Hefner, who informed the police. The detectives frisked the students whom I had detained. In so doing, they found several leaflets (folded) in the pockets of the male student. They secured these. In addition, I had observed that the male student had dropped several scraps of paper on the floor, or rather that he tried to drop the paper so it mingled with other papers in the room. Continue reading

Schmauβ re Schmid

Schmauβ: On February 18, 1943 around 11:15 am, Jakob Schmid, who resides at Türken Str. 33/I and is the maintenance man employed by the University of Munich, was making his rounds. He noticed that a large quantity of leaflets were thrown off the third floor platform of the university’s Lichthof. Schmid immediately made his way to the place in question and determined that the student Hans Scholl and his sister Sophie Scholl were the presumptive perpetrators, since no one else was nearby. Continue reading

Schmauβ re third graffiti operation

Schmauβ: In the night of February 15/16, 1943, the words “Down with Hitler” and “Hitler the Mass Murderer” were painted on Hugendubel Bookstore on Salvatorplatz in 30 to 40 cm high letters [12” – 16”] (total area 1 x 1.5 m [3-1/3’ x 6’]), using black tar-based paint. There were 4 more locations in the downtown area where the inscription “Down with Hitler” along with a crossed-out swastika had been painted. Continue reading

Mahler re third graffiti operation

Mahler: In the night of February 15/16, 1943, the labels “Down with Hitler” and “Hitler the Mass Murderer” were painted between the store windows of the H. Hugendubel Company in approx. 1 m [3-1/3’] high letters. The same night, the inscription “Down with Hitler” was painted on the Bavarian Chancery and on three other buildings.

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Note: Clara Geyer incurred the wrath of Inge Scholl when she insisted that her husband had told her the inscriptions were “Manneshoch” – man-high. But this supports that assertion. The Hitler the Mass Murderer template was a two-parter. So if the letters were 3-1/3′ high, twice that is over 6′ tall, definitely Manneshoch.

Source: ZC13267, Mahler’s report dated February 19, 1943.

The American typewriter

It was impossible to determine which specific German system the typewriter in question utilizes. Currently, an investigation is underway to determine whether it could be a foreign-made typewriter. In this context it is interesting to note that in the opinion of the State Police Headquarters in Vienna it is possible that the typewriter in question is a foreign-made model (Remington and Underwood brands). Continue reading

Max Stefl

The State Police Headquarters in Vienna reported that Dr. Max Stefl [Note 1], a resident of Munich, was temporarily in Vienna at the critical time in question [when the leaflets were distributed there]. Stefl is a former National Librarian, born September 15, 1888 in Nuremberg. He currently resides at Lotzbeck Str. 3/I in Munich. His personal history, degree of education, and intellectual and political attitudes make him a good match for the profile of the perpetrator [of the distribution activities] or of the writer of the contents of the leaflet. Continue reading

Mahler re another graffiti operation

Mahler: In the night of February 9/10, 1943, the expression “Down with Hitler” was painted on an advertising pillar on Kanal Street in black tar-based paint. The same night, “Down with Hitler” was written on the front door of the house at Eindorfer Street 102 with white chalk.

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Note: Unless the Gestapo simply overlooked the Kanal Street graffiti the day before, this was not White Rose work. Nor was anything in white chalk. These were copycats.

Source: ZC13267, Mahler’s report dated February 19, 1943.

Gisela Schertling’s political views

Question: What are the political views of Gisela Schertling?

Answer: Schertling comes from a family that is too National Socialist for me. Her father is editor of a National Socialist newspaper that I am unfamiliar with. I think it is the “Pössnecker Newspaper.” Schertling is a product of her family and is likewise sympathetic to National Socialism. Continue reading

Graffiti operation February 8/9, 1943

The “Down With Hitler” and “Freedom” graffiti have recently been painted on university buildings in the night of February 8/9, 1943. The same oil-based paints were used for all the graffiti operations (this time it was green), so that both graffiti operations were carried out by the same perpetrator or perpetrators. An investigation of the chemical composition of the paint has been commissioned. Since the perpetrator or perpetrators obviously targeted the university buildings, we have placed the buildings under appropriate surveillance.

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Source: ZC13267, Schaefer’s memorandum dated February 11, 1943

Crime lab report

The criminal labs of the police department of the city of Munich have been able to determine that the leaflets of the so-called “Resistance Movement” were all typed on the same typewriter. This expert opinion has allowed the fairly certain conclusion that the stencils for these leaflets were prepared on the same typewriter as those of the well-known leaflets of the so-called “White Rose” (see Vol. No. IV A 1 d – 3 247/42 in your files). Continue reading

Search for the White Rose February 1943

The large-scale search undertaken subsequent to the telex dated February 5, 1943 with regards to the perpetrators of the distribution of leaflets has been unsuccessful. The search was carried out in the metropolitan area of Munich on February 4 [sic], 1943 with the participation of all available State Police and plain clothes detectives, including cooperation of the security police, train security personnel etc. Continue reading