Alexander Schmorell re second graffiti operation

A few days later, I was once again in Scholl’s residence. When I left in the evening, Hans Scholl told me that he would be painting graffiti again the next night. The graffiti that we had painted days earlier had long been removed. As he alluded to this, Hans Scholl said he would be taking his friend Willi Graf with him.

And as a matter of fact, the next day I observed or rather Hans Scholl himself told me that he and Willi Graf had done as he had said. That time, they painted with green paint. I emphasize this because I had nothing to do with it. Continue reading

Source of green enamel paint

I am alarmed by the revelation that Hans Scholl misused my kindness to Geyer in such a rude fashion. In no case did I ever give Geyer or Scholl or any other person permission to take green enamel paint from my studio (which Hans Scholl, Alexander Schmorell, and Willi Graf used to paint the slogan “Down with Hitler!”) or to store other objects for the production of their seditious leaflets in my basement. Continue reading

Willi and Hans paint graffiti

…up and down in front of the fountain or rather the grounds in front of the entrance to the university to protect Scholl from possible surprise. It was fairly dark that evening, yet I could still see the inscriptions that Scholl was painting, because I would occasionally walk up to the entrance to the university so I could see what was going on for myself. Continue reading

Conclusion of first Harnack meeting (Schmorell)

After we had talked for about two hours, Mrs. Berndl came to Scholl’s residence, at which time she (Berndl) left with Harnack. Before they left, we agreed to meet Harnack the next day at 11 am in front of the university, so we could introduce him to our collaborator, Prof. Huber. We hoped that would make for an interesting discussion. Continue reading

First meeting with Harnack (Schmorell)

Since that was not possible [Note 1], after we finished eating we went to Scholl’s residence, where we did in fact meet him. After lunch, Mrs. Berndl returned to her studies as a dancer; she came to Scholl’s residence later to pick up Harnack. We continued our conversation in Scholl’s residence. Continue reading

Alexander Schmorell re planning of second graffiti operation

A few days later, I was once again in Scholl’s residence. When I left in the evening, Hans Scholl told me that he would be painting graffiti again the next night. The graffiti that we had painted days earlier had long been removed. As he alluded to this, Hans Scholl said he would be taking his friend Willi Graf with him.

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Source: Schmorell’s initial interrogation.

Attendees at the Haecker reading

Schmorell Alexander, Graf Willi, Geier [Note 1] from Ulm, Furtmeier from Munich, Christoph Probst, Professor Huber, Falk Harnack, Traute Lafrenz, Karin [sic] Schüddekopf, Jäger [Note 1] [sic] from Munich, Otto Aicher from Ulm, Eickemayr [Note 1][sic], Bäuerle or Feuerle from Ulm (work colleague of Geyer). Continue reading

More about the Haecker reading

I met Graf on the occasion of the evening at Schmorell’s. I never came into closer contact with him. As far as I could tell, he reacted to the political debates very passively. I only met him on the evening at Schmorell’s and Eickemeyer’s. Lafrenz told me that Graf is a good friend of Scholl and often associated with him in his residence. Continue reading

The Haecker reading

Hans Scholl invited the same circle [Note 1] to a reading by Theodor Haecker. The following persons were there in addition: Traute Lafrenz, Karin [sic] Schüddekopf, Mrs. Dohrn, and two or three other [male] students from Scholl’s [Student] Company; I do not know their names. Continue reading

Alexander Schmorell re carrying a weapon

To return once again to the possession of the revolver that was seized [from my residence]: I expressly declare that I did not carry this [revolver] during our graffiti operations, because I did not even own it at that time. … As far as I know, only Hans Scholl carried a firearm during the graffiti operations, and /added by hand: he/ would have made use of it had we been caught. I do not know whether Willy Graf carried a firearm. Continue reading

Helmut and Heinz listen to “illegal” radio

[Freisler’s verdict with reasons:] For the sake of the security of the Reich, a verdict like this must show that when mature men [Note 1] with college educations, such as these two are, fail to report such activity, they will be sent to the penitentiary. The police cannot be everywhere. The national community is hereby advised that everyone who considers himself a respectable German will support the Party, the State, and the authorities. When he hears of such treasonous activities, he will report them. Continue reading

Alexander Schmorell – after the scattering operation

We met up at Scholl’s residence around 1:30 a.m. Willy [sic] Graf returned from his excursion about half an hour later. He then returned to his residence, while I spent the night at Scholl’s. This was the same kind of propaganda we were primarily forced to undertake, because at this time we could not procure any envelopes. We did not scatter leaflets on any other night. Continue reading

Alexander Schmorell re scattering operation

The night of January 27 / 28 (sic), 1943, Hans Scholl, Willi Graf, and I left Scholl’s residence and went to various neighborhoods so we could scatter copies of the “To All Germans” [Note 1] leaflet within the city. We had around 1,500 copies of that leaflet with us, which we divided evenly among ourselves. For example, I took my briefcase (I kept the leaflets in it) along Kaulbach Str., Tal Str., Kanal Str. and Amalien Str., and set out my leaflets along the way. Several times on Kaulbach Str., I entered the courtyards [of houses] to set out my leaflets. I did not enter the main post office building on Residenz Str. Continue reading

The scattering operation

… also, the following night Scholl, Schmorell, and I scattered the leaflets on the streets of Munich.

Already the same evening that we were running off these leaflets mentioned above in Scholl’s apartment, Hans Scholl told me that these leaflets were to be distributed in Munich the next night and that I should help. I agreed and met him as appointed on January 28, 1943 around 11 pm in Scholl’s apartment, where the Scholl siblings and Schmorell were already present. Continue reading

Gisela’s corrections re meeting with Dohrn

Probst’s father-in-law Mr. Dohrn was not in Scholl’s apartment on Franz Joseph Strasse, but rather in Eickemeyer’s studio on Leopold Str. As I recall, I saw him there twice. I had the impression that the meeting had been arranged with Hans Scholl. Continue reading

Willi Graf recruits Heinz Bollinger

Question: During the conversation between yourself, Scholl, and Dr. Huber at the latter’s residence at the beginning of January 1943, you volunteered to use your connections to the Rhineland to distribute the leaflets in question. It is therefore likely, if not completely certain, that your trip to Bonn, Freiburg i.Br., and Ulm served that primary purpose. I therefore ask you: Which persons from your circle of friends in the above-named places did you approach about the distribution of leaflets? Continue reading

Willi Graf visits Helmut Bauer

I spent the evening of January 23, 1943 with the medical student Helmut Bauer from Saarbrücken, currently a student at the University of Freiburg, since Dr. Bollinger (whom I wanted to visit) was not in town at the time. Once again, I assure you that I did not initiate Bauer in any way into our plans and intentions of producing and distributing leaflets. Continue reading

Willi Graf visits Helmut Bauer

From Bonn, I traveled to Freiburg i.Br. on January 23, 1943 and arrived between 4 and 6 pm. I wanted to visit an old college friend named Rudi Alt, residing in Freiburg, Ludwig Str. 22?, but I did not meet up with him. Instead, I visited the medical student Helmut Bauer, who is from Saarbrücken, my homeland. I spent the evening with him.

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Source: Sixth interrogation of Willi Graf, March 1, 1943