I think it was one day later when my sister Sophie Scholl traveled to Stuttgart via Augsburg with around 2000 letters ready to be mailed, so she could mail the leaflets from the post offices in those cities. Continue reading
Schmauβ: Publications of the same name [leaflets of the “Resistance Movement”] were posted in standard envelopes on January 25, 1943 in Augsburg.
Source: ZC13267, Schmauβ’s report dated February 20, 1943
In contrast, it is correct to say that at Hans Scholl’s request I procured around 40 to 60 envelopes and paper which in any event were used to mail propaganda letters. I knew that the envelopes etc. were to be used for that purpose.
Upon further remonstrance, I now admit that shortly before my train left the night of January 24/25, 1943, while we were waiting at the platform, I gave Dr. Bollinger a leaflet entitled “Leaflet of the Resistance Movement in Germany”. Continue reading
In the other letter, I told her that I could not meet her at the train station in Ulm on Saturday, January 23, 1943 as she requested. Continue reading
She had ordered me to meet her on that day at a specific time at the train station in Ulm, where a Schnellzug coming from Stuttgart would arrive. Continue reading
Dear Sophie! [Note 1]
I did not receive your letter of the 21st until the 23rd around 4:45 pm. I considered taking a trip to M. [Munich], but decided not to after all, because it would be too difficult. I hope that there was not too much riding on our meeting, in particular that you did not wish to give me anything other than reports … [Note 2] Continue reading
In the other letter, I told her that I could not meet her at the train station in Ulm on Saturday, January 23, 1943 as she requested. She had ordered me to meet her on that day at a specific time at the train station in Ulm, where a Schnellzug coming from Stuttgart would arrive. Continue reading
In contrast to the “White Rose” leaflet, we wrote, duplicated, and distributed the leaflet “Call to All Germans” in Scholl’s residence. In the composition of this leaflet, we were solely concerned about continuing our political revolutionary movement [Note 1], which by its very nature was leveled at the Führer. Continue reading
Question: Once more I pose this question to you and admonish you to give exact and honest answers thereto: When you traveled to Bonn, Freiburg i.Br., and Ulm, whom did you meet with regarding the distribution of leaflets, or rather, with whom did you speak about the production and distribution of leaflets? Continue reading
All but 12 of the addressees in Augsburg received propaganda letters of the so-called “resistance movement in Germany”. I left out only persons whose addresses I could no longer read when I was typing the addresses. There were about 12 of these. The addressees in Munich that are listed in this notebook did not receive even one letter.
[Note 1] Due to the scope and relatively large quantity of leaflets that showed up all at once in different places across southern Germany, an uninitiated person would undoubtedly have been of the opinion that this propaganda was being methodically produced by a larger organization. When we mailed the leaflets e.g. in Vienna, Salzburg, Linz, Augsburg, and Stuttgart to local addresses, this was not merely to save money on postage. We also wished to give the impression that there was a local organization that opposed the current regime with this propaganda. We did not ever intend to distract attention away from Munich, that is, the locality where we were working. Continue reading
My brother also typed the stencils for the individual leaflets on the typewriter that “Alex” provided for us. He did this in my presence. We then jointly produced the leaflets on our duplicating machine. Continue reading
He [Hans Scholl] produced around 7,000 pieces [of Leaflet 5] altogether. Of these, he disseminated approximately 5,000 in downtown Munich and mailed numerous additional pamphlets. Continue reading
In addition, she [Sophie Scholl] participated in the purchase of duplicating paper, envelopes, and stencils, and together with her brother, she produced the copies of this document. She also supported her brother in the writing of the addresses [for the documents] that were mailed. Continue reading
I alone carried out the duplicating work in my apartment. … Using this [absorbent] paper, I produced approximately 5000 copies of the leaflet “Call to All Germans”…
Source: Hans Scholl’s second interrogation, February 18, 1943 (after 4 a.m.)
It was only about 8 days later, maybe around January 20, that Hans Scholl told me that I should come to his apartment on a specific afternoon and help him produce leaflets. When I showed up as agreed on the appointed day (January 20 or 21, 1943) at Scholl’s apartment, Scholl’s sister and Schmorell were there too, in addition to Scholl. Continue reading
Once Sophie stayed with them too and worked till 5:30 am with her brother Hans and Schmorell. In that case, Sophie only told me that they had something to work on. Continue reading
I know that Gisela Schertling was in Hans Scholl’s apartment nearly every day. She participated in general conversations during which politics possibly was discussed. But we always avoided talking about our illegal activity in her presence, such as the publication of leaflets, graffiti, etc. Continue reading
It is absolutely possible that Schertling was in the apartment when we were occupied with the duplication of leaflets. But she never looked in on us to see what we were doing. My statements in this regard are certainly true. Continue reading
I can recall that on two occasions, Schmorell spent the night with Scholl. Once it was mid-January. I heard the two of them typing on the typewriter. I never learned what the two of them were working on that night. I also did not ask them. Continue reading
Several days later when I was helping Scholl duplicate the leaflet, I determined that the content of the leaflet had absolutely nothing to do with my draft. I can no longer recall what my draft said. In any case, Scholl and Prof. Huber did not agree with it and wrote a leaflet themselves, and that is the same leaflet in question here. The distribution of this leaflet took place as I have already described. Continue reading
After the matter had progressed to this point, the next task consisted of obtaining the necessary duplicating paper, envelopes, and stencils. My brother and I got busy and purchased approximately 10,000 sheets of copy paper from the local stores, and in addition about 2000 envelopes. … Continue reading
I wrote to that address on two occasions. The first time, I asked what she meant by “the 15th is the deadline”. Continue reading
The stencils and absorbent paper that were discovered there after Scholl’s arrest were from our inventory of supplies used to publish our treasonous leaflets. I cannot say for certain whether the stamps that were seized were purchased before my service on the Eastern Front and then kept in my room, or whether they were left over from the mailing of our flyers.
Date is estimate. Placeholder date for purchase of materials for fifth leaflet.
Source: RGWA, February 26, 1943 interrogation of Alexander Schmorell.
Late one afternoon in the middle of January 1943 when I was visiting Scholl in his apartment, he gave me a typewritten draft of the leaflet entitled “To the Germans” to read in the presence of his sister Sophie. I read this draft without making any comments either for or against its contents. If I remember correctly, the 2nd part of this draft talked about the establishment of a so-called federalist State. Continue reading
After several additional meetings and political debates, Huber declared his agreement with the publication of leaflets. However, their distribution was to be limited to Southern Germany, because it alone was accessible for thoughts of an established, freedom-oriented form of government. Continue reading
Question: How did the second (sic) leaflet “Resistance Movement in Germany” come about, who worked on it, and who distributed it? Continue reading
Yesterday’s expert analysis, page 3, number 4, Christian overtones: This now comes clearly into view. Christian expressions multiply. … E 38, cloak of wisdom (compare with A 26). … Continue reading
1. The catchphrase of B is “Freedom and Honor”; the catchphrase “Freedom” reappears in A 53. Indeed, the eye of the person interested in freedom typically falls on “every individual”. (A 51; B 37; correspondingly in B 12, it says “personal freedom”.) In the political-historical view of the author, a new “war of independence” [Note 1] is beginning (A 24); it is very characteristic for this author that this phrase is not used casually on the spur of the moment, but is part of his well-thought-out historical thesis. … Continue reading
Around mid-January [Note 1], we had the idea of publishing another leaflet. To this end, we both prepared a so-called draft, which we then discussed together and finally published as the leaflet “Call to All Germans!”
Note 1: Added the word “neuerdings” to emphasize recentness of the idea.
Date is estimate. Since Professor Kurt Huber reviewed this leaflet on January 13, 1943, it had to have been written prior to that meeting.
Source: Schmorell’s initial interrogation.
The first leaflet entitled “Leaflets of the Resistance Movement in Germany – Call to All Germans!” and the concluding sentence “Support the resistance movement, disseminate the leaflets!” were written by my brother and me shortly after New Year’s 1943. Continue reading
He [Hans Scholl] decided to publicize [Note 1] this view and therefore once again drafted two leaflets with the titles already mentioned in Part II of the indictment. Continue reading
The first leaflet was entitled “Call to all Germans”, the second one was a call to students. The text originated with me. I alone wrote the text alone in my room at home. I wrote the first draft out by hand and subsequently destroyed it.
Note: Although Hans Scholl has been presented with evidence against him, he continues to try to deceive the Gestapo interrogators. For instance, since they still have not connected the four White Rose leaflets to the last two, here he goes along with “first” and “second” referring to what we know to be Leaflets No. 5 and No. 6.-Ed.
Source: Hans Scholl’s second interrogation, February 18, 1943 (after 4 a.m.)
In January and February 1943, two different inflammatory pamphlets were circulated by means of distribution operations and by mail. One bears the inscription “Leaflets of the Resistance Movement in Germany” and the other “Fellow Students!” or “German Students!” In the first leaflet, the notion is developed that the war were heading for its certain end. Continue reading
In contrast, she [Sophie Scholl] confesses that she participated in the production and distribution of leaflets in January 1943. She and her brother co-wrote the text of the inflammatory pamphlet “Leaflets of the Resistance Movement in Germany.” Continue reading
Leaflets of the Resistance Movement in Germany.
Call to all Germans! Continue reading
Following numerous long conversations on this topic between my brother and me, the decision to write, produce, and distribute leaflets in large quantities finally matured in December 1942. Continue reading