Alexander Schmorell re production of fifth leaflet

In contrast to the “White Rose” leaflet, we wrote, duplicated, and distributed the leaflet “Call to All Germans” in Scholl’s residence. In the composition of this leaflet, we were solely concerned about continuing our political revolutionary movement [Note 1], which by its very nature was leveled at the Führer. Continue reading

Addressing envelopes (fifth leaflet)

All but 12 of the addressees in Augsburg received propaganda letters of the so-called “resistance movement in Germany”. I left out only persons whose addresses I could no longer read when I was typing the addresses. There were about 12 of these. The addressees in Munich that are listed in this notebook did not receive even one letter.


Source: Third interrogation of Sophie Scholl, February 20, 1943

Social strategy for the fifth leaflet

[Note 1] Due to the scope and relatively large quantity of leaflets that showed up all at once in different places across southern Germany, an uninitiated person would undoubtedly have been of the opinion that this propaganda was being methodically produced by a larger organization. When we mailed the leaflets e.g. in Vienna, Salzburg, Linz, Augsburg, and Stuttgart to local addresses, this was not merely to save money on postage. We also wished to give the impression that there was a local organization that opposed the current regime with this propaganda. We did not ever intend to distract attention away from Munich, that is, the locality where we were working. Continue reading

Willi Graf works on leaflet production

It was only about 8 days later, maybe around January 20, that Hans Scholl told me that I should come to his apartment on a specific afternoon and help him produce leaflets. When I showed up as agreed on the appointed day (January 20 or 21, 1943) at Scholl’s apartment, Scholl’s sister and Schmorell were there too, in addition to Scholl. Continue reading

Writing of fifth leaflet (Scholl-Huber)

Several days later when I was helping Scholl duplicate the leaflet, I determined that the content of the leaflet had absolutely nothing to do with my draft. I can no longer recall what my draft said. In any case, Scholl and Prof. Huber did not agree with it and wrote a leaflet themselves, and that is the same leaflet in question here. The distribution of this leaflet took place as I have already described. Continue reading

Stencils and postage stamps

The stencils and absorbent paper that were discovered there after Scholl’s arrest were from our inventory of supplies used to publish our treasonous leaflets. I cannot say for certain whether the stamps that were seized were purchased before my service on the Eastern Front and then kept in my room, or whether they were left over from the mailing of our flyers.


Date is estimate. Placeholder date for purchase of materials for fifth leaflet.


Source: RGWA, February 26, 1943 interrogation of Alexander Schmorell.

Willi Graf looks at fifth leaflet

Late one afternoon in the middle of January 1943 when I was visiting Scholl in his apartment, he gave me a typewritten draft of the leaflet entitled “To the Germans” to read in the presence of his sister Sophie. I read this draft without making any comments either for or against its contents. If I remember correctly, the 2nd part of this draft talked about the establishment of a so-called federalist State. Continue reading

Gestapo comments about fifth leaflet

1. The catchphrase of B is “Freedom and Honor”; the catchphrase “Freedom” reappears in A 53. Indeed, the eye of the person interested in freedom typically falls on “every individual”. (A 51; B 37; correspondingly in B 12, it says “personal freedom”.) In the political-historical view of the author, a new “war of independence” [Note 1] is beginning (A 24); it is very characteristic for this author that this phrase is not used casually on the spur of the moment, but is part of his well-thought-out historical thesis. … Continue reading

Alexander Schmorell re Leaflet V draft

Around mid-January [Note 1], we had the idea of publishing another leaflet. To this end, we both prepared a so-called draft, which we then discussed together and finally published as the leaflet “Call to All Germans!


Note 1: Added the word “neuerdings” to emphasize recentness of the idea.

Date is estimate. Since Professor Kurt Huber reviewed this leaflet on January 13, 1943, it had to have been written prior to that meeting.


Source: Schmorell’s initial interrogation.

Hans Scholl re Leaflet 5

The first leaflet was entitled “Call to all Germans”, the second one was a call to students. The text originated with me. I alone wrote the text alone in my room at home. I wrote the first draft out by hand and subsequently destroyed it.


Note: Although Hans Scholl has been presented with evidence against him, he continues to try to deceive the Gestapo interrogators. For instance, since they still have not connected the four White Rose leaflets to the last two, here he goes along with “first” and “second” referring to what we know to be Leaflets No. 5 and No. 6.-Ed.


Source: Hans Scholl’s second interrogation, February 18, 1943 (after 4 a.m.)

Fifth leaflet (indictment)

In January and February 1943, two different inflammatory pamphlets were circulated by means of distribution operations and by mail. One bears the inscription “Leaflets of the Resistance Movement in Germany” and the other “Fellow Students!” or “German Students!” In the first leaflet, the notion is developed that the war were heading for its certain end. Continue reading