Professor Harder – Munich 22, February 18, 1943
Ludwig Str. 14, 1st staircase
After two leaflets (A and B) were submitted to me yesterday, I received four additional leaflets (Leaflets of the White Rose No. I – IV) today. I will designate these with the letters C – F and once again use line numbers. In addition I have been advised that it has been proven through technical means that the author of A B is identical to the author of C – F. Continue reading
Question: At the end of July 1942 before you were transferred to Russia, there was a going-away party at the studio of Eickemayer (sic) on Leopold Street. You took part in that party. In addition to yourself, who else took part in this party and what political topics were discussed thereby? Continue reading
In addition, I participated in an event of the extended circle around Scholl. This was shortly before the [male] students went to the front. The meeting was planned as a so-called farewell party. It took place in Eickemeyer’s [Note 1] studio around the middle of July 1942. I believe Miss Lafrenz invited me to this party. Continue reading
Question: What can you say about the farewell party that Hans Scholl held in your studio in the summer of 1942?
Answer: As I already stated yesterday, at that time Scholl (and sometimes his buddies [Note 1] came to my studio to talk about my work and about cultural things. I can also recall that once or twice he brought along women – his sister Sophie Scholl and I believe a student named Lafrenz. Continue reading
After careful consideration, I now recall that I did stay at the farewell party at Eickemeyer’s studio to the very end.
Remonstrance Continue reading
I am not able to say why Scholl and I disparaged our Führer in such a particularly venomous form at that time. I can only say that this action could be reconciled with our political attitudes. At that time, we saw so-called passive resistance and the commission of acts of sabotage as the only means of shortening the war.
Source: Schmorell’s initial interrogation.
Yesterday’s expert analysis, page 3, number 4, Christian overtones: This now comes clearly into view. Christian expressions multiply. E 14, Creature. … E 38, cloak of wisdom (compare with A 26). E 19, according to God’s will. E 35, scattered throughout the world as dust upon the wind. E 39, spawn of hell. … In E 11, there was already a reference to civitas dei, which is a Latin quote from Augustine. … Continue reading
Leaflets of the White Rose. III.
“Salus publica suprema lex.” [Public welfare is the greatest law.] Continue reading
In Leaflet No. III, the notion is developed that the ruin of National Socialism is the essence and goal of passive resistance. In this battle, one must not shrink back from any path, from any deed. National Socialism must be attacked at every point in which it is vulnerable to attack. Continue reading
In Leaflet No. III, it is postulated that the fall of National Socialism is the meaning and goal of passive resistance. In this war, one may not be deterred from any course of action or from any deed, no matter what the scope. National Socialism must be attacked in every place in which it is vulnerable. Continue reading
Yesterday’s expert analysis, page 3, number 4, Christian overtones: This now comes clearly into view. Christian expressions multiply. … D 33, It is not given to us. D 48, May God grant that. Corresponding to the archaic relative pronoun “so”, here there likewise appears the unmistakable sign of theological method of speech, “now there our eyes are opened” [Note 1] (D 79). D 76 is the fanatical call of a hellfire-and-brimstone preacher. Continue reading
Yesterday’s expert analysis, page 3, number 4, Christian overtones: … C 38, once again the accusation of godlessness, atheistic war machine. … C 34, member of the Christian and western culture. …
Yesterday’s expert analysis, page 6, 2nd paragraph: I determined that the appeals did not have the tone of an embittered loner. … [As] in B – complains about their indifference ( C 3 ff., D 5 ff.). … Continue reading
Eventually, Huber was invited to the villa of the accused Schmorell’s father. There a political discussion arose in which Huber championed the notion that the NSDAP would continue to drift to the left, asserting that Northern Germany already exhibited strong Bolshevist tendencies, while Southern Germany generally leaned more towards an established democratic form of government. Continue reading
The first time I had contact with the Scholl circle was in Schmorell’s villa. Around the end of June 1942, Lafrenz invited me there for a community reading of the book The Satin Slipper. Continue reading
It is also quite possible that I am partially confusing the meetings at Schmorell’s villa with the farewell party at Eickemeyer’s studio in terms of the political discussions there. I particularly can no longer say for certain whether questions or statements about passive resistance were made at the Schmorell meeting or at Eickemeyer’s. I can no longer recall details of the political debates. In any case, political discussions as I described during my first interrogation were held. Continue reading
In addition, the leaflets contain the challenge to exercise passive resistance and to prevent the continuation of the “atheistic” war machine before it is too late and before every last city lies in ruins just like Cologne and before the youth of the nation bleed to death for the “hubris of a subhuman” (White Rose No. 1).
Source: Indictment dated April 8, 1943
Leaflets of the White Rose I.
Nothing is more shameful to a civilized nation than to allow itself to be “governed” by an irresponsible clique of sovereigns who have given themselves over to dark urges – and that without resisting. Continue reading
The leaflets of the “White Rose” contain attacks on National Socialism, particularly against its cultural-political efforts. They are occupied with alleged atrocities committed against Jews and Poles. Continue reading