Alexander Schmorell’s childhood

I was born on September 16, 1917 in Orenburg / Russia. Regarding the reasons my birthday is also sometimes referred to as September 3, 1917, that has to do with the Russian calendar. [Note 1] At the time of my birth in Russia, my father worked [there] as a medical doctor. I do not know when my parents married. When I was 2 years old, my mother Natalie nee Wedenskaja died of typhus. I do not have any siblings.

I believe it was the year 1920 when my father married Elisabeth Hoffmann, the daughter of a brewery owner. She is of German descent. The marriage took place in Orenburg. Two children were born to this union. Both were born in Germany, because my parents emigrated to Munich in 1921. My half-brother Erich Schmorell was born in Munich in 1921. Currently he is a medical student in Freiburg. My sister Natalie Schm. was born in 1925. She lives with her parents and is currently employed by Josefinum. [Note 2] My parents own the property at Benediktenwand Str. 12 in Munich. My father has his medical offices at Wein Str. 11.

From 1924 to 1928, I attended Engelsperger, a private school in Geiselgesteig. From 1928 to 1937, I attended Gymnasium [high school] in Munich. I had to repeat my second year there because of a deficiency in Latin.


Note 1: The Gregorian calendar did not replace the Julian calendar in Russia until 1918. Its adoption necessitated the “loss” of thirteen days.

Note 2: Josefinum is a Catholic hospital for women and children.


Source: Alexander Schmorell’s initial interrogation.

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