About 1/2 an hour later, around 11 pm, he left the house in his everyday clothes. I do not know whether he took a briefcase or anything else that would hold [materials] along with him. Continue reading
Schmauβ: In the night of February 3/4, 1943, 29 places in Munich were plastered with the words “Down With Hitler” and a swastika that was crossed out twice. The graffiti was applied using a stencil and black tar-based paint. In addition, the word “Freedom” was applied to the university building.
Source: ZC13267, Schmauβ’s report dated February 20, 1943.
At the beginning of February 1943, Hans Scholl (together with Schmorell) painted such graffiti on several buildings in Munich using black tar-based paint. The places included the pillars of the university, the National Theater, the Ministry of Economics, and the Playhouse [Note 1]. … Continue reading
To return once again to the possession of the revolver that was seized [from my residence]: I expressly declare that I did not carry this [revolver] during our graffiti operations, because I did not even own it at that time. … As far as I know, only Hans Scholl carried a firearm during the graffiti operations, and /added by hand: he/ would have made use of it had we been caught. I do not know whether Willy Graf carried a firearm. Continue reading
As we had previously arranged, Schmorell and I met the evening of February 3, 1943 in my apartment. Schmorell brought the template, paint, and paint brushes. Shortly after midnight, we left my apartment with these things, intending to use the template to paint [our graffiti] in every suitable place. Continue reading
In the night of February 3/4, 1943, the inflammatory slogan “Down With Hitler” was painted in several places in the city of Munich. The slogan was painted on houses, advertising pillars, etc., using a template and black oil-based paint. Size 25 x 15 cm [10” x 6”]. See enclosure 6. It has not yet been determined whether a connection can be proved between this graffiti campaign and the so-called “Resistance Movement in Germany”. Continue reading
At the end of January, Hans Scholl and I came up with the idea of reinforcing our treasonous propaganda by painting “Down with Hitler!” and “Freedom!” [Note 1]. For this purpose, I prepared a template “Down with Hitler!” in my residence. I brought this to Scholl, so we could use it in the ensuing nights. I bought a can of tar-based paint at a specialty store (I believe it was Finster and Meissner) near the Hofbräuhaus. We took the green paint from Eickemair’s [sic] studio; he knows nothing about any of this. We were also able to take the paint brushes from the studio. Continue reading
Mahler: In the night of February 3/4, 1943, “Down with Hitler” (with a crossed-out swastika next to it) was painted in 29 different places in Munich, primarily on public buildings. This was done using a template. Black tar-based paint was used. The same night, the word “Freedom” was painted to the left and right of the main entrance of the University of Munich, using black tar-based paint. The letters were 75 cm [30”] tall. The same night, the words “Down with Hitler” were painted on the Dresdener Bank with red paint.
Source: ZC13267, Mahler’s report dated February 19, 1943.
After supper, my brother, my sister Elisabeth – who was staying with us for a short time – and I went to the Bavarian Hof where we attended a concert. After the concert, my brother accompanied us on the way home.
The evening before this event [graffiti operation], my brother had told me while we were eating supper (around 7 pm) that he still had to go to the Women’s Clinic for a delivery.
Dr. Heinrich Bollinger and Helmuth Bauer likewise admit that they repeatedly listened to foreign radio broadcasts last winter at a ski hut in Breitnau. They did this together with Elsbeth Duwenhögger, who was still a minor at the time; she resides in Freiburg i.Br., Eck Str. 13. Continue reading
[Freisler’s verdict with reasons:] For the sake of the security of the Reich, a verdict like this must show that when mature men [Note 1] with college educations, such as these two are, fail to report such activity, they will be sent to the penitentiary. The police cannot be everywhere. The national community is hereby advised that everyone who considers himself a respectable German will support the Party, the State, and the authorities. When he hears of such treasonous activities, he will report them. Continue reading
At a ski hut in Breitnau, the accused Bollinger and Bauer listened to foreign broadcasts on several occasions, especially Swiss and English broadcasts.
Source: Indictment dated April 8, 1943
Following the events in Stalingrad, Scholl and I saw new motivation to produce a leaflet. While Scholl was very depressed about the events in Stalingrad, I (as someone who cared about Russia) was downright [Note 1] happy about the newly created strategic situation for the Russians. Both of us set about writing and distributing the new leaflet [entitled] “Students” [Note 2]. Continue reading