Schmauβ: In the night of February 15/16, 1943, the words “Down with Hitler” and “Hitler the Mass Murderer” were painted on Hugendubel Bookstore on Salvatorplatz in 30 to 40 cm high letters [12” – 16”] (total area 1 x 1.5 m [3-1/3’ x 6’]), using black tar-based paint. There were 4 more locations in the downtown area where the inscription “Down with Hitler” along with a crossed-out swastika had been painted. Continue reading
Daily Archives: February 15, 1943
Third graffiti campaign
The night of February 15/16, 1943, we painted the words Down with Hitler – again using the template – in several places on the way back from the telegraph office, where we had deposited the last of our leaflet mailing. We used
black paint black tar-based paint to do so. This was the same paint we had used for the first night of the operation. Continue reading
Alexander Schmorell re third graffiti operation
A third time – the night of February 15 / 16, 1943 – Hans Scholl, Willi Graf, and I painted graffiti as we went from the telegraph office to Scholl’s residence. I still remember well that we painted the inscriptions “Down with Hitler!” and “Hitler the Mass Murderer!” on the walls of Hugendubel Book Store.
That night, Hans Scholl and I painted while Willi Graf merely stood watch, to protect us from being caught unawares. We wished to take our propaganda primarily to the bulk of the nation, which was impossible to this degree through distribution of flyers. Continue reading
Last time Willi Graf saw Scholls before February 18
The last time I [Hans Scholl] saw him [Willi Graf] was when we accidentally ran into one another on Ludwig Street two or three days ago.
Source: Hans Scholl’s second interrogation, February 18, 1943
Mahler re third graffiti operation
Mahler: In the night of February 15/16, 1943, the labels “Down with Hitler” and “Hitler the Mass Murderer” were painted between the store windows of the H. Hugendubel Company in approx. 1 m [3-1/3’] high letters. The same night, the inscription “Down with Hitler” was painted on the Bavarian Chancery and on three other buildings.
Note: Clara Geyer incurred the wrath of Inge Scholl when she insisted that her husband had told her the inscriptions were “Manneshoch” – man-high. But this supports that assertion. The Hitler the Mass Murderer template was a two-parter. So if the letters were 3-1/3′ high, twice that is over 6′ tall, definitely Manneshoch.
Source: ZC13267, Mahler’s report dated February 19, 1943.
Last graffiti operation, mailing leaflets
When we finished working that evening, the leaflets were packed into a small suitcase and 2 briefcases and taken to the post office by Scholl, Schmorell, and me. We left Scholl’s apartment between 11:00 and 11:30 pm. Continue reading
Alexander Schmorell re mailing of sixth leaflet
Together, Hans Scholl, Willi Graf, and I took the finished leaflets to various post offices and posted them in the late evening hours of February 15, 1943. It was probably around 10 p.m. Continue reading
Alexander Schmorell re vandalism
To the remonstrance that I am guilty of having torn down a recruiting poster for the SS at the Menterschwaige streetcar stop in mid-February, I can only say that in this case I am not the perpetrator.
The last 18 months I have not traveled by bicycle, but rather by streetcar. This is because the front wheel of my bicycle was stolen. This statement can be verified at any time by speaking with my parents or household staff. However in this context, I must state that Russian is almost the only language spoken in the household. Continue reading
Gisela returns to her room
That evening, I left [Hans] Scholl’s apartment around
7 9 pm and went back to my apartment, Lindwurm Str. 13. I spent Monday night there.
Otl returns to Solln
Aicher wanted to meet up with Hans Scholl there, but since he [Hans Scholl] stayed out later that night, he [Aicher] could not wait any longer, because he wanted to catch the 8 pm train to Professor Muth in Solln.
Waiting for Hans
We then returned to Scholl’s apartment around 6 pm. Aicher came too. Continue reading
Willi Graf helps with “bulk mail” leaflets
I did not go to Scholl’s apartment till the next day around 6 pm. Hans and Sophie Scholl were busy sealing the leaflets that had already been addressed (Fellow Students) and getting them ready to mail. Continue reading
Otl Aicher visits Sophie Scholl
Otto Aicher was probably Sophie Scholl’s close friend [Note 1]. I only saw him at Scholl’s apartment once. Afterwards, we went for a walk in the English Gardens. Continue reading
Otl Aicher visits Sophie Scholl
In addition, Otto Aicher from Ulm, who is a boyfriend or admirer of my sister Inge, visited me yesterday (sic) afternoon at 4:30 pm. He told me that he was going home to Ulm today so he could spend the rest of his furlough there. Continue reading
Otl Aicher visits Sophie
Aicher arrived around 3 pm. We all went for a walk through the English Gardens. I could tell from their conversation that Sophie Scholl and Aicher were very close friends [Note 1]. Continue reading
Alex and Hans work in studio
Immediately after lunch, Schmorell joined us. He stayed about an hour, and then he left with Hans Scholl. Sophie told me they were going back to Eickemeyer’s studio. Continue reading
Alexander Schmorell re the Russian revolver
I bought the Russian-style revolver that was found in my parents’ residence along with 50 bullets from a student named Anton Wagner (residence unknown). I must correct this. Actually, Wagner sold this revolver to Hans Scholl, who gave me the revolver about 8 days before his arrest. Continue reading
Revolver to Hans Scholl
[Anton Wagner]: After he gave me the coat, I did not see Scholl for a while. Since Alexander Schmorell often stood in for Scholl and I knew that the two of them were good friends, I gave Schmorell the revolver I had sold to Scholl around the middle of February. Continue reading
Lunch with Gisela
They returned around noon to eat lunch, which I had prepared in the meantime. Immediately after lunch, Schmorell joined us. He stayed about an hour, and then he left with Hans Scholl.
Hans and Sophie work in studio
It also appeared suspicious to me when Hans and Sophie Scholl went to Eickemeyer’s studio on the Monday of the week they were arrested. Sophie Scholl told me they worked there that morning. They did not tell me what they were working on.
Hans and Sophie to studio to work
After that, Hans and Sophie Scholl left the apartment together. Sophie had told me beforehand that they were going to Eickemeyer’s studio where they had something to do. They did not tell me what they were doing.
Breakfast (Hans, Sophie, Gisela)
Monday morning, we ate breakfast together.